12 OR 13 TRIBES? (See charts below)
Ge 49:28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them.
Leah: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Isachar, Zebulum and Dinah / Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin / Bilhah: Dan and Naphtalie / Zilpah: Gad and Asher
PAUL THE THIRTEENTH APOSTLE: TYPE OF THE REDEEMED BODY?
1Co 15:9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
Ac 26:10 Which thing I also did in Jerusalem: and many of the saints did I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests; and when they were put to death, I gave my voice against them.
Ac 26:11 And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled them to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto strange cities.
Lu 21:12 But before all these, they shall lay their hands on you, and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues, and into prisons, being brought before kings and rulers for my name’s sake.
Re 11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.
Ac 26:13 At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shining round about me and them which journeyed with me.
Ac 26:15 And I said, Who art thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest.
Ac 26:16 But rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness both of these things which thou hast seen, and of those things in the which I will appear unto thee;
ISHMAEL CIRCUMCISED AT THE AGE OF 13: TYPE OF THE REDEEMED BODY?
Ge 17:25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh <01320> of his foreskin <06190>.
Ge 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
Ge 17:26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.
Ge 17:11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh <01320> of your foreskin <06190>; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.
Ge 17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh <01320> of his foreskin <06190> is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.
Ge 17:23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh <01320> of their foreskin <06190> in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.
Le 12:3 And in the eighth day the flesh <01320> of his foreskin <06190> shall be circumcised.
THIRTEEN: JUDGMENT AND SALVATION AT THE END?
1Ki 7:1 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house.
Jer 25:3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year (23), the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.
Ge 14:4 Twelve years they (King of S&G Admah & Zeboiim) served Chedorlaomer (King of Elam (Elam = Eternity) who was defeated by Abraham), and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
Ge 32:24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.
Ge 32:28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
Ge 14:17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale.
Joh 6:70 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil? (At the Last supper – 12+1 = 13)
Joh 13:27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.
THE CALENDAR: THIRTEEN THOUSAND YEARS FROM CREATION?
11013 BC to 2011 AD = 13,023 years - A coincidence?
De 32:8 When the most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel (12).
Isa 10:13 For he saith, By the strength of my hand I have done it, and by my wisdom; for I am prudent: and I have removed the bounds of the people, and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant man:
The Bible appears to be equating the number 13 to both judgment and Salvation at the END of time (church age); Both spiritually as it relates to God judging and redeeming the church and historically as it relates to the calendar. Twelve (12) seems to relate to the complete or fullness of the body of Christ. Out of that body ONE would often rebel (typifying Babylon) but would be replaced (12+1=13) to achieve the perfect 12 again.